Piriformis Syndrome of the Hip

What is the piriformis?

The piriformis muscle is one of six hip external rotators located in the gluteal region of the lower extremity. This muscle runs from the anterior portion of the sacrum, through the greater sciatic foramen, to the medial aspect of the greater trochanter of the femur.


What is Piriformis Syndrome?

Piriformis syndrome is noted by numbness, tingling, or pain in the low back and buttocks region, caused by compression of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the longest and largest nerve in the body that passes through or beside the piriformis and runs along the back side of the leg. If untreated, this can cause irritation and more severe pain with walking, standing for long durations, sitting, or exercises.

How can Physical Therapy help?

According to the American Physical Therapy Association, “Physical therapy helps patients reduce pain and improve or restore mobility – in many cases without expensive surgery and often reducing the need for long-term use of prescription medications and their side effects. Physical therapy can teach patients how to prevent or manage their condition so that they will achieve long-term health benefits. A PT will examine each individual and develop a plan, using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness- and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles.” That being said, physical therapy offers strengthening and stretching programs specified to each individuals condition. With strengthening, stretching and both soft and deep tissue massaging of the piriformis and surrounding musculature such as the gluteals, hip extensors, and hip abductors, the symptoms of piriformis syndrome can be managed and often completely diminish.

If you are having numbness, tingling, or pain in the low back and buttocks region, come see us for a free consultation.  To request an appointment, click here, or call directly to one of our three locations during regular business hours:

Cool Springs: 615-224-9810
Shelbyville: 931-684-0027
Spring Hill: 931-489-2022

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